2013년 9월 7일 토요일

How to say "can" and "can't" in korean

To say "can" in korean, we use the following structure:
"verb stem + 을/ㄹ 수 있어"

To express the opposite, we use:
"verb stem + 을/ㄹ 수 없어"

Just a side note, if the verb stem ends with a consonant, always use: 을
But if it ends with a vowel, use: ㄹ

Here are some examples:
할 수 있어요.
I can do it. 

할 수 없어요.
I can't do it.

먹을 수 있어요.
I can eat.

먹을 수 없어요.
I can't eat.

학교에 갈 수 있어요.
I can go to school.

학교에 갈 수 없어요.
I can't go to school.

소주를 마실 수 있어요.
I can drink soju.

소주를 마실 수 없어요.
I can't drink soju.

내일 식당에 갈 수 있어요?
Can you go to the restaurant tomorrow?

내일 식당에 갈 수 없어요?
You can't go to the restaurant tomorrow?

이것을 살 수 있어. 너무 싸요.
I can buy it. It's very cheap.

이것을 살 수 없어. 너무 비싸요. 
I can't buy it. It's very expensive.

오늘안에 도착할 수 있어요.
I can arrive today.

오늘안에 도착할 수 없어요.
I can't arrive today.

당신을 만날 수 있어요.
I can meet you.

당신을 만날 수 없어요.
I can't meet you.

방 청소를할 수 있어요.
I can clean the room.

방 청소를할 수 없어요.
I can't clean the room.

나를 볼 수 있어요?
You can see me?

나를 볼 수 없어요?
You can't see me?

필리핀으로 갈수 있어요.
I can go to the Philippines.

필리핀으로 갈 수 없어요
I can't go to the Philippines.

How to use "~(으)ㄴ데"

In korean "~(으)ㄴ데" can be used to:
* Bridge clauses, where the first clause is background information for(or the situation or circumstance leading to) the second clause. This is often used as(1) an attention getter and as(2) a stage setter for the main idea the speaker is about to deliver. As a result, this conjunctive ending is used almost exclusively in speaking.
* To introduce contrasting information.

To use "~(으)ㄴ데" in connecting clauses, take a look at the conditions below:

  • If sentence 1 ends with a consonant, add "ㄴ데" at the last part,
    then connect sentence 2.
  • If sentence 1 ends with a vowel, add "은데" at the last part, then connect sentence 2.
Take a look at the example below:
sentence1: 한국어를 배우요.
sentence2: 어려워요.

sentence1 + (으)ㄴ데 + sentence2 = 한국어를 배우는데, 어려워요.

Here are some more examples:
차는 아주 좋은데 너무 비싸요. 
(I really like the car, but it's expensive.)

베고픈데 돈이 없어요. 
(I'm hungry, however I don't have money.)

집이 먼데 차가 없어요. 
(My house is far, however I don't have a car.)

옷이 예쁜데 너무 작아요!
(This outfit is pretty, but it's too small!)

기숙사는 괜찮은데 음식이 맛없어요.
(The dorm is ok, but the food doesn't taste great.)

책을 읽는데 재미없어요. 
(It's not fun to read this book.)

운동하는데 힘들어요.
(It's difficult to exercise.)

책을 읽는데 남자친구가 생각나요.
(I'm reading this book but I can't help but think about my boyfriend.)

책을 읽는데 너무 어려워요.
(It's so hard to read this book.)

 

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